Dr. Janet Travell, the author of “The Trigger Point Manual” and President JFK’s physician during his presidency, points to the uppermost joints of the spine and the neck muscle known as sternocleidomastoid (SCM) as the most likely culprits that induce vertigo. “Trigger points in the SCM muscle have been shown to produce all kinds of symptoms, including tearing of the eye, headache, sinus congestion, ear and jaw pain, pain with swallowing, and vertigo. The joints of the neck also have strong effects on the whole head region, with similar effects.”
Based on the discoveries of Drs. Janet Travell and David Simons in which they found the causal relationship between chronic pain and its source, myofascial trigger point therapy is used to relieve muscular pain and dysfunction through applied pressure to trigger points of referred pain and through stretching exercises. These points are defined as localized areas in which the muscle and connective tissue are highly sensitive to pain when compressed. Pressure on these points can send referred pain to other specific parts of the body.